|Kinds (Function) of Prepositional Phrase
Definition: a prepositional phrase is a group of related words that
begin with preposition and end with the object of a preposition.
Kinds of prepositional phrases:
Adjectival or adjective phrase: A prepositional phrase that
modifies a noun or pronoun and answers the questions, which one, what
kind, how many.
Example: Bob, in room 8, is my brother.
Prepositional phrase: in room 8 - it is telling which
Bob the person is talking about. The one in room 8. That
phrase modifies the noun, Bob.
Adverbial or adverb phrase: A prepositional phrase that modifies a
verb, an adjective or another adverb and answers the questions, when,
where, how, (sometimes, why) and to what extent or degree. When
the adverb phrase answers the questions, when, where, how or why, it
will modify the verb in the sentence. When it answers the
question, to what extent or to what degree, it will modify an adjective
or another adverb.
Example: In 2001, Mark will celebrate his eighteenth birthday.
Prepositional phrase: In 2001 is telling when Mark
will celebrate by modifying the verb, will celebrate.
Example: The paintings are famous for their beauty.
Prepositional phrase: for their beauty is telling, to what
extent famous (or why famous), therefore it modifies the
predicate adjective, famous and thus it is an adverb