Infinitive (Adverb) Recognition Practice

Review: An adverb is a word that answers the questions when, where, how (sometimes why) and to what extent or degree.  If the adverb answers the questions when, where, how or why, it will modify the verb.  If it answers the question to what extent or degree, it will modify an adjective or another adverb.

An infinitive is a verb form starting with the word "to" (not preposition) and the base form of a verb.  Examples: to walk, to jump, to make, etc.

The infinitive can be used as an adjective, adverb, or noun.  This sheet will go over the infinitive as an adverb.  Therefore, the infinitive will answer the questions an adverb answers.


Our neighbor, Jack Jones, returned home to recuperate from the heart attack.

  •  To recuperate is the infinitive and it answers the question why he returned home.  It is, therefore, an adverb infinitive.

Eager to get home, Jack left from the hospital early in the day.

  •  To get is the infinitive modifying the adjective, eager, and is an adverb in this sentence.

Exercise Directions: Write down the infinitive that is used as an adverb in the following sentences.  The, write down what word the infinitive is modifying that is either a verb, adjective or another adverb.

1. The teacher wrote to the state to renew his license.
(Be careful - remember an infinitive is followed by a verb, not a noun.)

2. The students were eager to learn about Bob's vacation.

3. Have you ever stopped to think about your goals in life?

4. I am going to the store to buy a 100-watt light bulb.

5. Early clocks were hard to read.

6. The clock in my mother's room is very easy to see.

7. Bill uses his watch to get to work on time.  (CAREFUL!)

8. He went to his father to ask his consent.

9. The bus driver sounded his horn to warn the walkers.

10. The clown painted his face white to give a clown-look.


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