Subordinate (Dependent) Clause (Adjective) Practice

A subordinate or dependent clause is a clause that does not make sense by itself, even though it has a subject and verb.  It needs the independent clause to make sense.

The dependent or subordinate clause can be used as an adjective, an adverb or a noun in a sentence.  Therefore, you need to know what word in the independent clause the dependent (subordinate) clause modifies - if it is an adjective dependent (subordinate) clause or an adverb (subordinate) clause.

This sheet is about taking the dependent (subordinate) clause as an adjective subordinate clause.  An adjective dependent clause will modify a noun or pronoun in the independent clause.  It is introduced by a relative pronoun or conjunctive adverbs.  The relative pronouns that introduce this clause are: who, whom, whose, which, that.  The conjunctive adverbs are: where, when.


Exercise Directions: In all of the sentences below, the dependent (subordinate) clause is an adjective one.  Write the clause on your paper and then tell what noun or pronoun it modifies.  Remember, an adjective answers the questions: which one, what kind, how many - so the adjective clause will as well.

1. There are many cities that have nicknames.

2. Pittsburgh is a city that has the nickname of Steel City.

3. There are many people whose inventions improved our lives.

4. Madame Butterfly, which is an opera, was written by Puccini.

5. The girl whom we elected as our representative has done a good job.

6. The one who comes in first will win the prize.

7. I went to the store which is on the corner of State Street to buy the ice cream.

8. The place where we camp is about 10 miles from home.

9. The school could not hire a man whose record was so doubtful.

10. Do you know the time when the eclipse will occur?


Back to Clauses

Back to Grammar Practice Index